The causes of childhood blindness include Nutritional deficiencies especially Vitamin A, measles, infections of the cornea and the use of harmful traditional medicines and injuries. The current high measles immunization coverage has led to a reduction in the number of measles eye complications seen in eye care facilities.
Over 70% of all the causes of blindness in children are preventable. In terms of blind-years childhood blindness contributes significantly to the burden of unnecessary blindness. If nothing is done this burden will double by the year 2020.